June 26 - 30, 2004
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EVH - Application of Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms to Complex Optimization Problems


The Largest Compatible Subset Problem for Phylogenetic Data



Andy Auyeung
Ajith Abraham



The phylogenetic tree construction is to infer the evolutionary relationship between species from the experimental data. However, the experimental data are often imperfect and conflicting each others. Therefore, it is important to extract the motif from the imperfect data. The largest compatible subset problem is that, given a set of experimental data, we want to discard the minimum such that the remaining is compatible. The largest compatible subset problem can be viewed as the vertex cover problem in the graph theory that has been proven to be NP-hard. In this paper, we propose a hybrid Evolutionary Computing (EC) method for this problem. The proposed method combines the EC approach and the algorithmic approach for special structured graphs. As a result, the complexity of the problem is dramatically reduced. Experiments were performed on randomly generated graphs with different edge densities. The vertex covers produced by the proposed method were then compared to the vertex covers produced by a 2-approximation algorithm. The experimental results showed that the proposed method consistently outperformed a classical 2- approximation algorithm. Furthermore, a significant improvement was found when the graph density was small.




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