Created by W.Langdon from gp-bibliography.bib Revision:1.7072
Two measures of problem difficulty are presented:fitness distance correlation (based on the idea that what makes a problem difficult or easy for genetic programming is the relationship between fitness and distance to the goal) and negative slope coefficient (which quantifies some aspects of evolvability, i.e. the ability of genetic operators to produce offsprings that are fitter than their parents). These measures are based on statistical sampling of the search space. Both of them succeed in correctly measuring the difficulty of a wide range of different problems. Advantages and drawbacks of these measures are discussed in depth. Furthermore, a discussion of the concept of fitness landscape, on which these two measures are inspired, is proposed.
Among the main causes of inefficiency of genetic programming, one may mention: premature convergence (or the tendency to produce populations in which all the individuals have similar characteristics), bloat (or progressive individuals' code growth) and the fact that fitness evaluation often requires the execution of programs on many different input data (known as fitness cases). This thesis shows how distributing individuals into separate communicating subpopulations naturally counteracts premature convergence and bloat, allowing genetic programming to find solutions of better quality, more quickly. The advantage of parallelising genetic programming is twofold: on the one hand it enables to achieve time savings by distributing the computational effort on a set of calculating agents, on the other hand, the parallel setting offers benefits from the algorithmic point of view, in analogy with the natural parallel evolution of spatially distributed populations. Furthermore, techniques to dynamically tune the size of populations, and to limit the number of fitness cases to be tested, in order to save computational effort, are proposed.",
Genetic Programming entries for Leonardo Vanneschi